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Causes of Bleeding Gum in Children

Bleeding gum can be a sign that you have or are at risk  of gum disease. However ongoing gum bleeding could be as a result of serious medical conditions such as leukemia or platelets and bleeding disorders.


What are the causes of bleeding disorders ?


The main cause of bleeding is a build up of plaque at the gum line. This will lead to a condition known as  gingivitis or inflamed gum. Plaque that is not removed will harden into tartar. This will lead to increased bleeding  and more advanced  gum and jawbone disease known as periodontitis .



Other causes of bleeding in children include the following :

  • Any bleeding disorder
  • Using a new toothbrush
  • Brushing too hard
  • Hormonal changes
  • Leukemia
  • Improper flossing
  • Scurvy
  • Infection that can either be tooth  or gum related
  • Vitamin K deficiency

Home care for bleeding gum

  • It is important to visit the dentist once every 6 months  for plaque removal.
  • You should also brush your teeth with a soft-bristle toothbrush twice a day.  It is best if you can brush after every meal.
  • Your dentist may tell you to rinse with salt water or hydrogen peroxide and water.
  • Do not use mouthwash that contain alcohol. That can make the situation worse .
  • Floss twice a day to prevent plaque buildup.
  • It is also important to follow a balanced, healthy diet.
  • You should try to avoid snacking between meals  and cut down on the carbohydrates you eat.

You should also do the following :

  • Have a periodontal exam .
  • If you have been diagnosed with vitamin deficiency, take vitamin supplements.
  • You can control bleeding gum  by applying pressure directly to the gum with a gauze soaked in ice water.
  • Follow your doctor’s instructions on how to brush and floss so that you do not hurt the gum.

When to contact your health  care practitioner

Contact your doctor if :

  • Bleeding does not  stop after treatment .
  • The bleeding is severe and long term.
  • You have other unexplained symptoms with the bleeding .


Content Sources
Bleeding gum. Nicklaus Children’s Hospital. Accessed December 4th, 2018

Bleeding Gums In Children: Should You Be Worried? Colgate. Accessed December 4th, 2018

Why are My Child’s Gums Bleeding? 4 Common Causes.Kids Healthy Teeth. Accessed December 4th, 2018


June 15, 2019 | 10:55 30    By oohs N coos    

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