Infections in premature babies
Newborns are prone to infections . However premature infants are at increased risk because of their immature immune system. As a result , they are not adequately able to fight off bacteria, fungi , viruses and other organisms that cause infections.
Some babies are born with infections they got from their mom, while others develop infections from the environment especially those who have vascular catheter .
Microorganism that live on the skin normally can cause an infection if they enter the body through catheters or tubes inserted into the baby’s body. These tubes and catheters are usually essential for the babies to receive the required medications and nutritions and a painless way to draw blood for tests.
Infections that can affect premature babies
There are various infections that can affect premature babies. These include the following :
- Sepsis which is a blood infection
- Meningitis which is infection of the membrane surrounding the brain.
Infections are usually treated with antibiotics or antiviral drugs.
Premature babies are susceptible to infections and as a result people who visit the Neonatal Intensive Care Unit NICU will be required to wash their hands before touching the babies. Anyone who is sick should not visit.
Your premature baby : Infection. https://www.tommys.org/pregnancy-information/pregnancy-complications/premature-birth/your-babys-time-hospital/your-premature-baby-infection. Accessed June 13th, 2018
Infections in premature babies. Healthline. https://www.healthline.com/health/pregnancy/premature-baby-infections. Accessed June 13th, 2018