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Type 2 diabetes in children

Type 2 diabetes occurs when the body tissues cannot use insulin properly. Overtime the pancreas cannot make enough insulin. Insulin is a hormone that helps the body’s cells use  sugar for energy. It also helps the body store extra energy in the muscle, fat and liver cells.

type 2 diabetes

 

Without insulin, sugar cannot get into the cells to do it’s work. Instead it stays in the blood , causing high blood sugar. If your blood sugar is high most of the time, you have diabetes.

 

High blood sugar can result in the following :

  • eye, heart , blood vessels, nerves and kidney problems
  • it makes a person more likely to get serious diseases and infections

What causes type 2 diabetes ?

 

The exact cause is unknown. However experts believe  the main risk of children getting type 2 diabetes are

  • being overweight
  • not being physically active
  • having a family history of the disease

How is type 2 diabetes diagnosed ?

 

A simple blood test can be used to diagnose diabetes. However the child’s doctor may do other tests if it is not clear whether the child has  type 1 or type 2.

 

Your child will be tested for the disease if he/she has the risk factors.

 

How is it treated ?

 

The main aim of treatment is to keep the child’s blood sugar level within normal range. This can be done by the following :

  • keeping track of your child’s blood sugar level. This will help you determine the foods and activities that elevates  her  blood sugar level
  • teaching your child to make healthy food choices . Seek the help of your doctor, dietician  or diabetes educator as to what foods are good for your child
  • encourage your child to stay healthy.
  • make sure your child takes any diabetes medication as prescribed
  • be a role model by eating good and exercising

How can type 2 diabetes be prevented ?

 

Have your child stay at a healthy weight and exercise regularly to prevent diabetes .

 

 

Content Sources
Typpe 2 diabetes in kids. Sutter Health. http://www.sutterhealth.org/health/healthinfo/index.php?A=C&hwid=uq1099. Accessed August 3rd, 2017

Child type 2 diabetes. WebMD. http://www.webmd.com/diabetes/type-2-diabetes-guide/type-2-diabetes-in-children#1. Accessed August 3rd, 2017

Children and type 2 diabetes. American Diabetes Association. http://www.diabetes.org/living-with-diabetes/parents-and-kids/children-and-type-2/. Accessed August 3rd, 2017

December 11, 2019 | 7:47 31    By oohs N coos    

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