Over-The-Counter Drug Use in Kids

Over the counter medication

Over the counter medications or  OTC are medications  bought in stores off the shelves. Some of the common reasons why people use over the counter medications include the following :

over the counter medications

Fever and pain : Acetaminophen and ibuprofen are common medications that can help children feel better if they have  a headache, body ache or fever.

Acetaminophen comes in a liquid, chewable and suppository form if your child is vomiting and cannot  take medicine by mouth. Ibuprofen comes in  concentrate drops for infants, liquid (in the form of syrup or elixir) for toddlers and chewable tablets for older kids. read more

Signs of Panic Disorder In Children and Adolescents

Panic disorder is a condition marked by recurrent episodes of paralyzing fear. This condition typically surfaces  between the ages of fifteen to nineteen although it may start during childhood . It may be induced by specific events but can also come without any warning signs , even during sleep.

panic attack

The average attack can last for about 5 to 10 minutes  and can be very scary for kids and some worry they are having a heart attack. Some symptoms of panic  disorder  do infant mimic a heart attack and these  include the following : read more

Oral health challenges in children with special needs

Some children with disabilities may have some oral health challenges . These include the following :

oral health

  • Children with physical disabilities such as cerebral palsy  may not  have the motor skills  required to use  a toothbrush effectively or sit in a dental chair during a  visit to the dentist.
  • Children with communication disorders such as speech and language delay may not be able to tell their parents  that their mouth hurts or that they have a toothache.
  • Children with intellectual disabilities  may not know how to brush their teeth, protect their teeth from injury or cooperate at the dental office when having oral health care.
  • Children who have frequent medical care such as doctors visits or hospital stays  may be afraid of the dentist office and as a result not cooperate.
  • Children who take medications with added sugar or that causes dry mouth are at increased tooth decay.  Sugar is added to some medication to make the taste better.  Other medications used to treat seizures, cerebral palsy  and depression cause dry mouth  because they lower the amount of saliva in the mouth. Saliva plays an important part in preventing tooth decay. Medicine given to children with medical diseases or disorders such as allergies and asthma can also cause dry mouth.
  • Children on special diet are at greater risk of developing tooth decay . Foods that are soft or  high in starch   such as potatoes  stick to the child’s teeth  give caries-causing bacteria in the mouth more time to cause tooth decay.
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    Common Signs of Hyperactivity / Impulsivity

    Common symptoms of hyperactivity / impulsivity in children


    Early childhood ( preschool and early school years )

    • Behavior with normal range : 
      • Child runs in circles and doesnot stop, may bang into object or people
      • Constantly ask questions
      Bahavior signaling hyperactivity/impulsivity : 
      • Child constantly runs into people or knocks things down during play.
      • Child gets injured frequently .
      • Child doesnt want to sit for games or stories
      Behavior signaling possible presence of ADHD , hyperactive – impulse type : 

    • The child runs through the house , jumps and climbs        excessively on furniture .
    • The child will not sit still to eat or be read to and is often into things.
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    Why do babies get hiccups all the time ?

    Is it normal for babies with hiccups all the time ?

    Hiccups is common in babies under the age of 1 year. Babies even hiccup while in-utero. Hiccups are sudden contractions of the diaphragm caused by irritation or stimulation of the muscles. Infant hiccups are usually caused by full stomach, taking in too much air during feeding or sudden changes in temperature. It usually doesn’t bother the baby. There is no need to see your pediatrician unless it interferes with daily activities and sleep.


    Babies with gastroesophageal reflux disease  may hiccup more frequently.  You should mention to your doctor if your baby hiccups often especially if she spits and cough a lot and seem very cranky. read more

    Why does my baby have red streaks in the whites of her eyes?

    Causes of red streaks in the whites of newborn’s eyes

    The red streaks in the whites on a newborn’s eyes are  subconjunctival hemorrhages. While they can be alarming, these red streaks are nothing to worry about. They are just broken blood vessels which will go away on its own in about a week or two. These blood vessels can break during the physical stress of delivery. They can also appear after forceful crying, coughing or vomiting. Sometimes they show up for no reason at all.

    red streaks

    The clear part of the eye is known as the conjunctiva.  When a blood vessel breaks below the surface of the conjunctiva, it may not be able to absorb the blood quickly. It therefore gets trapped there for a few days or weeks , showing up as red streaks. read more

    Common baby sleep mistakes and how to avoid them

    It can be a challenge to put your baby or toddler to  bed. However sometimes parents actually contribute to this problem.

    roll over

    Baby sleep mistakes and how to avoid them

    • Letting your child stay up late : Some parents let their children stay up late for so many reasons such as not having  enough time to play with them after work. It could also be that the child is in a habit of staying up  late. However the problem is,  late bedtime leads to an over tired child  who is cranky and refuses to sleep.

    How to Fix it : Set a time for going to bed and stick to it.  You should also watch for signs of getting tired in your child  such as droopy eyes or rubbing eyes and tuck him into bed.

    • Introducing distractions during bedtime : Things such as a cheerful nighttime light or quiet music can distract a child and keep him awake instead of putting him to sleep.

    How to fix it : Remove anything that entertains your baby remotely from around the crib. Infants and toddlers sleep well when the room is nearly pitch black. Keep all screens such as TV, smartphones and tablets from the bedroom.Use a fan or white noise machine to muffle house or street sounds. read more

    When can you stop worrying about SIDS ?

    Should i stop worry about SIDS ?

    Babies  are at high risk of SIDS between the ages of 1 and 4 months. About 90% of SIDS occur in babies under the age of 6 months. By definition,  SIDS doesn’t happen after the child’s first birthday .


    There  has been a decline in   death  from SIDS after the American Academy of Pediatrics recommended putting babies on their backs. However SIDS is still the number cause of death in babies between the ages of 1 and 12 months. Even though there is no way to prevent this condition, there are steps you can take  to reduce your baby’s risk. read more

    What is a Pediatric Hospitalist?

    What is a pediatric specialist

    Pediatric hospitalists are pediatricians who work primarily in the hospital . They are medical doctors who have at least 4 years of medical school and 3 years of  pediatric residency  training. They care for children in the hospital including the pediatric ward, labor and delivery, the newborn nursery, the emergency department, the neonatal intensive care unit, and the pediatric intensive care unit.

    They work with your regular pediatrician and other physicians and providers involved in your child’s care. The pediatric hospitalist will inform  your pediatrician if there is a significant change in your child’s condition. When your child leaves the hospital, the pediatric hospitalist will give your pediatrician an overview on your child’s hospital stay  and detailed instructions for any necessary further care. read more

    Side effects and reactions of medications

    Medications side effects and reaction

    All medications have the potential to cause adverse side effects.  Adverse effects are undesirable experience associated with the use of a medical product in a patient.  Some of the side effects of medications include the following :

    • Upset stomach
    • Diarrhea
    • Dry mouth
    • Drowsiness
    • Dizziness
    • Change in activity or mood
    • Flushing , sweating
    • Rahes
    • Rapid heartbeat


    The effect of medication can vary from person to person. For example antihistamine can make  one child sleepy while another child becomes jittery and hyperactive.

    The side effect of one medication cal also be different from the side effect of another mediation. A fast heart rate is expected for albuterol but not antibiotics . Antibiotics usually causes diarrhea or loose stool . read more