Facts about deciduous (primary or baby ) teeth

Some facts about deciduous primary or baby teeth

  • Its important to take care of your child’s deciduous teeth also known as primary teeth. These teeth hold the space for the future eruption  of the permanent teeth.
  • If a baby tooth decays or comes out early,  the space necessary for the permanent teeth will be lost . It can only be regained by orthodontic treatment.
  • Baby teeth that is infected can result in improper development of the permanent teeth  and result in stains, pits and weaker teeth.
  • The development of primary teeth is an important part of speech development.
  • Primary teeth is important for properly chewing food  and promoting healthy nutrition.
  • Most children begin to lose their  baby teeth around the age of  5 or 6. Its usually the front teeth first. They continue to lose the baby teeth  until the age of 12 or 13 when all the permanent teeth come through except for the third molars. The molars begin to appear around age 17 to 21 years.
  • Primary teeth are smaller in size and whiter than the permanent teeth that will follow.
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    Causes of Bleeding Gum in Children

    Bleeding gum can be a sign that you have or are at risk  of gum disease. However ongoing gum bleeding could be as a result of serious medical conditions such as leukemia or platelets and bleeding disorders.


    What are the causes of bleeding disorders ?

    The main cause of bleeding is a build up of plaque at the gum line. This will lead to a condition known as  gingivitis or inflamed gum. Plaque that is not removed will harden into tartar. This will lead to increased bleeding  and more advanced  gum and jawbone disease known as periodontitis . read more

    Baby’s Care After Vaginal Delivery

    Healthy babies delivered vaginally usually stay with the mother . In most cases, immediate newborn assessments including weight and length, medication administration and even first bath are done right in the mother’s room. The new baby is quickly placed in the mother’s arms.


    In the first couple of hours after birth, most babies are in the alert , wide awake phase. This gives the parents the opportunity to get to know the baby. The baby will usually turn around to familiar sounds of the mother’s voice. A baby’s focus of vision is around 8 to 12 inches which is just the distance from the baby cradle in the  mother’s arms to her face . read more

    Vitamin K Deficiency Bleeding

    Vitamin K deficiency bleeding (VKDB) is a bleeding problem that occurs in some newborns during the first few days of life. It was previously called hemorrhage disease of the newborn.

    A deficiency in vitamin K is the main cause of this condition. Babies are normally born with low levels of vitamin K, an essential factor in blood clotting .

    Who is at risk ?

    VKDB may occur in a small percentage of babies. Babies at risk of developing this condition include the following :

    • Babies who do not receive preventive vitamin K in an injection at birth.
    • Babies who are exclusively breastfed.
    • Babies whose mothers take anticonvulsants (for seizures) and anticoagulants (for clotting disorders) .

    Without the clotting factor, bleeding occurs and severe bleeding or hemorrhage can occur. read more

    Dealing with Fever in Newborns

    Adults can keep their body temperature at a normal level because  they have a  tightly controlled thermostat.When you are cold, you shiver, helping to raise your body temperature. When you are overheated, you sweat to help you cool off. However this mechanism is not completely developed in newborns. Newborns lack the insulating fat layer that older babies and children have . As a result a newborn may not have a fever with an infection. Fevers in babies are usually caused by something more serious. You need to call your doctor right away if your baby is younger than 3 months old and has a rectal temperature of 100.4°F (38°C) or higher. read more

    Children’s Cough : When To Worry

    Cough occurs when something other than air gets into the airways below the vocal cords. The airways prefer air than anything else. As a result when anything like mucus gets into the lower airways, it is quickly expelled. Cough in children is mostly due to post natal drip. Mucous drains from the upper airways into the lower airways. However some cough also originate in the lower airways.


    What are the causes of cough ?

    Some of the common causes of cough in children include the following :

    How should i treat a cough ?

    Most coughs  are viral infections and as a result there isn’t much you can do. Antibiotics will not help in this case. However you can take certain steps to make the child comfortable. read more

    How to cope with parenting in the Neonatal Intensive Care Unit NICU

    Prenting a baby in the NICU can be overwhelming . In most cases , you can be with your baby in the  NICU most of the time. The staff will give you instructions on  special hand washing techniques  before you enter the area. In some cases , you may need a mask. Occasionally you may be asked to wait a few minutes when a procedure is being done or staff are making ” rounds”. The NICU allows visitation of the baby by family members . However it is a good idea to limit the number of visitors. This is because many premature babies are susceptible to infections. read more

    Causes of Ear Pulling in Children

    A child may pull, rub or tag her ears due to the following reasons :

    Earwax buildup :  The main cause of ear pulling in older children is a piece of earwax.  This earwax buildup is usually caused by putting cotton swabs in the ear canal. Before the teen years, cotton swabs are bigger than the ear canal and pull the earwax in.

    pulling ear

    Ear infection : Children with ear infection  usually act sick. They present with an earache or unexplained crying.

    Soap :  Another cause for an itching ear is soap or other irritants. Soap or shampoo can get trapped in the ear canal after showers. read more

    Safety Restraints on the School Bus

    The American Academy of Pediatrics strongly recommends that children who are being transported to school travel in age appropriate and properly secured child restraints systems in all motor vehicles.

    They believe that all new school buses should have safety restraints. Parents are encouraged to work with school district to ensure that every new bus is equipped with lap/shoulder seat belts restraints  that can also accommodate a car seat, booster seat and harness system.

    It is also important that school districts provide  height and  weight appropriate  car seats and restraint system  for all children of preschool age , these system  includes  a booster seat with a three point belt. read more

    Food Allergy and Diaper Rash

    Food allergies can trigger  variety of symptoms including diarrhea. Frequent diarrhea associated with undiagnosed food allergies  as well as the allergen itself in the stool can irritate the child’s delicate  skin. This can result in diaper rash.

    diaper rash

    What are the symptoms ?

    The most recognizable symptoms of diaper rash caused by food allergies includes a bright ring around  the baby’s anus.  Tiny blisters, welts or pimple like bumps may appear around the  the buttocks, genitals and lower belly  after the baby consumes  foods like eggs, wheat, soy or cow’s milk. Gastrointestinal symptoms such as excess gas, constipation, nausea, loose stool, diarrhea  and vomiting may also be present. read more