Using Over-the-Counter Medications in Children

Over the counter medication means  you can buy the medicine without  a doctor’s prescription. However this doesnt mean that OTCs are harmless. OTCs  can be dangerous  when not taken the right way. Talk to your doctor before  giving any medication to your child for the first time.

over the counter medications

All over the counter medications have the same kind of label. The label gives important information such as what it is used for, how it is used and  what to watch out for . Look on the bottle to see  where it says  drug facts. read more

Signs of Sexual Abuse in Children

Child sexual abuse involves both touching and non touching activities.

Some examples of touching activities  include :

  • Touching a child’s genitals  for pleasure.
  • Making a child touch someone’s genitals , encouraging a child to play sexual games or putting objects or  body parts in the vagina, anus or mouth of a child for pleasure.


Non touching activities include the following :

  • Showing pornography to a child.
  • Photographing a child in sexual poses
  • Deliberately exposing an adult’s genitals to children .
  • Encouraging a  child to watch or hear sexual acts.
  • Inappropriately watching a child undress or use the bathroom

It is not always easy to spot sexual abuse because the perpetrators takes steps to hide it. However there are certain signs that can help you know that something is not right. If you feel its  not right ,it is always better to talk to your child than ignore the signs.

Warning signs of sexual abuse in children

Physical signs

  • Sexually Transmitted Infections STI.
  • Signs of trauma to genital areas such as unexplained bleeding, bruising, or blood on the sheets .

Behavioral signs

  • Sexual behavior that is not appropriate  for the child’s age .
  • Bedwetting or soiling the bed  if the child has already outgrown these behaviors.
  •  The child doesn’t want to be left alone with certain people or being afraid to be away from caregiver especially if this is a new behavior.
  • The child doesnt want to remove clothing to take a bath or change .

Emotional signs read more


An omphalocele is a birth defect in which the infant’s intestines or abdominal organs stick out of the belly button or navel. In babies with this condition, the intestine is only covered by a thin layer of tissue  and can easily been seen. About 25 to 40% of babies born with this condition  usually have other birth defects that may include genetic problems,  congenital diaphragmatic hernia and  heart defects.


What are the symptoms of omphalocele ?

An omphalocele can be seen clearly because the abdominal contents stick out through the belly button area. There are different sizes of omphalocele. In larger ones, the spleen and liver can also stick out. read more

Why is my newborn’s skin peeling ?

Being any new parents is very exciting. Parents usually worry about their baby’s wellbeing. Most parents worry when their baby’s skin start peeling. However knowing the cause of the peeling can ease your worry.


A newborn’s skin can change  a lot within the first few weeks of life. Before leaving the hospital or in a few days after coming home, your newborn’s skin may flake or peel. This is completely normal. Peeling can occur in any part of the body  such as hands, soles of the feet and ankles. read more

After Ear Tube Surgery : When To Worry

It is usually recommended that a  tympanostomy tubes (more commonly known as ear tubes) are recommend after dealing with repeated ear infections. The tiny tubes are placed surgically in the eardrums and works by channeling drainage out of the ear.

ear infection

When should you worry about drainage ?

A common concern parents have is blood and other drainage coming from the child’s ear in the days following surgery. However the drainage actually indicates that the tubes are doing their job.

Early drainage is usually not a cause for concern. However in the weeks and months following an ear tube placement , drainage may be an indication of an ear infection  and this is often treated with a topical antibiotics. read more

Chest pain in toddlers : When to worry

My child complains of chest pain. What is wrong ?

It is good to know that heart attack is unlikely at this age. A child may complain of chest pain due to some other possible causes.  Some of the common reasons a child will complain of chest pain include the following :


  • Injury : The bones and muscles in a child’s chest may hurt because the child fell or was hit. His  symptoms may worsen at night, early in the morning and after running or crying.
  • Pneumonia : If the chest pain is accompanied by persistent cough, your toddler may have  pneumonia. Other symptoms of pneumonia include a cold that seems to be getting worse, fast labored breathing and perhaps wheezing, fever, chills, decreased appetite, stomach pain, vomiting, fussiness and headache.
  • Gastroesophageal reflux disorder : This condition can cause  children to complain about pain in the chest after eating. This may be due to  regurgitated stomach acid and more likely to occur when the child’s been lying down. The child may also experience sore throat, a sour taste in her mouth or vomiting.
  • Swallowing a foreign object : If your child is having trouble breathing, call 911. If your child swallows something that he should not like a pen or coin, he may feel chest pain from irritation in his  esophagus as it goes down. He may also have coughing , wheezing and drooling.

When should i call my doctor ?

If your child is struggling to breathe, call 911. If the child seems  okay except chest pain and it goes away, it probably nothing to worry about. If  it continues for say more than an hour or returns again and again, check in with your doctor.

You also want to talk to your doctor if you think your child has pneumonia, asthma or gastroesophageal reflux disorder. You should also call your doctor immediately if you think your child has swallowed an object. read more

Preparing a Child for Surgery

Children will benefits from  preoperative planning, education, and explanations. This preparation should take place a day or two before  surgery. Preparing too far in advance can produce more anxiety. It is important to recognise what will be stressful to your child while in the hospital to help you prepare him for the surgical experience.

child in hospital

Common stressors and fears in the hospital include the following :

  • Being left alone
  • Staying in a strange bed or room
  • Painful procedures
  • Feeling helpless
  • Being in contact with unfamiliar people
  • Medical equipments that look and sound strange

How do i prepare my child for surgery ? read more

Should My Child’s Tonsils Come Out ?

It takes about 20 to 30 minutes for an ENT ( Ear, Nose and Throat) doctor to take a child’s  tonsils out. Children are usually referred to an ENT from a pediatrician because they have very swollen tonsils that is  resulting in breathing problems as well as repeated infections  that keep them from school and other activities. When antibiotics and time doesn’t  help your child’s ability to function or breath normally, then its time to consider surgery.

child sleeping
Healthy tonsils are small, round lumps at the end of the throat on each side, visible just above the tongue.They are part of a ring of lymphoid tissue in the back of the throat that includes the adenoids. These  adenoids must be checked with an angled mirror since they lie between the back of the nose and the throat. read more

Drug rashes in children

Drug rashes are the body’s reaction to certain medications. The type of rash  that occurs depends on the medication that is causing it. It can range from mild to severe.


Rash caused by drugs can be grouped into the following categories.

  • Rashes caused by an allergic reaction to the medication.
  • Rahes produced  as an unwanted effect to  certain medication.
  • Rashes due to hypersensitivity to sunlight caused by the medication.

Drug rashes may be severe and require hospitalization. Call your doctor right away.

What are the different types of rashes caused by drugs?

How is drug rash diagnosed ?

Diagnosing this condition can be complicated.  Even  a small amount of drugs can cause major reaction on the skin. The reaction can also occur a longtime after the chid has taken the medication. Your child’s doctor will have the child stop  the medication if it is not critical to sustain life, to see if the reaction will stop. Other medications may be substituted if necessary. read more

Infections in premature babies

Newborns are  prone to infections . However premature infants are  at increased risk because of their immature immune system. As a result , they are not adequately able to fight off bacteria, fungi , viruses and other organisms that cause infections.

premature babies

Some babies are born with infections  they got from their mom, while others  develop infections from the environment especially those who have vascular catheter .

Microorganism that live on the skin normally can cause an infection if they enter the body through catheters or tubes inserted into the baby’s body. These tubes and catheters are usually essential for the babies to receive the required medications and nutritions  and a painless way to draw blood for tests. read more