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Birth Injuries in Newborns

During the birth process , the baby may occasionally occur some physical injury that is simply as the result of being  born. This is known as birth trauma or birth injury.

birth injury

What causes birth injury ?

Birth injury can occur due to the baby’s size or position during labor and delivery. Condition associated with difficult births include the following :

  • Large babies such as babies over about (8 pounds, 13 ounces)
  • Prematurity which is babies born before 37 weeks
  • Cephalopelvic disproportion is when the size and shape of the mother’s pelvis is not adequate enough for a baby to be born vaginally.
  • Prolonged labor
  • Dystocia which is difficult labor or childbirth
  • Abnormal birthing presentation  such as breech position

What are some of the common birth injuries ? read more

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August 19, 2019 | 7:35 31    By oohs N coos     Comments

How to help your child get a good rest

It is crucial for everyone  to get a good sleep especially kids who are developing mentally and physically. Here are some tips to help parents help their kids to have a good night sleep.

child sleeping

Incentives and rewards :  If your child is having a hard time sleeping in her  room, reward  her  when she is able to sleep in the room all night. You can also reward your child  for going to bed on time or being able to stay in bed till its time to wake up.

Bedtime routine : Sticking to bedtime routine is important as it helps kids feel secure because it offers predictability. For example, it is important to go to bed when its time and not let the child give excuses. read more

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August 19, 2019 | 7:35 31    By oohs N coos     Comments

Will my baby’s belly button always stick out ?

Your baby’s belly button may not always stick out. About 20% of all newborns  have an umbilical cord hernia which is also known as an “outie”. The umbilical cord heals and falls off after birth and the opening of the abdomen usually closes spontaneously. However occasionally the opening does not close  and results  in a bulging belly button especially when there is increased abdominal pressure such when the child cries or during a bowel movement.

baby

The hernia usually does not cause any problems. As long as the child is comfortable , the area is not swollen and tender and the bulge is soft  and compressible, there is no reason to be concerned. These hernias usually go away in about 12 to 18 months and surgery to close them is not usually necessary . read more

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August 19, 2019 | 7:35 31    By oohs N coos     Comments

Why is my potty trained child suddenly having accidents ?

Your potty trained child may be   feeling anxious about being  displaced with a new baby. It is not uncommon for a toddler with a new sibling to temporarily regress  to baby behavior.

sad child

However if the accidents are regular or if she’s complaining of pain, it is important to have her checked out by a health care professional to rule out any underlying medical condition. Its unusual for a child to suffer from Urinary tract infection UTI  but it can happen. If she does have UTI , it may be accompanied by symptoms such as fever, painful urination or change in the odor of urine.  It is important to seek medical help immediately because untreated UTI  can lead to kidney infection. read more

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August 19, 2019 | 7:35 31    By oohs N coos     Comments

Importance of Flossing in Children

Flossing should be done when your child is about 2 or 3 years old. It should be done under the supervision of a dentist. Flossing is not usually necessary prior to this age. Children usually need assistance with flossing until they are about  8 to 10 years.

The importance of flossing

Brushing properly and consistently remove most dental plaques. However brushing alone cannot remove plaque from places that toothbrush cannot reach such as between the teeth. In addition to removing plaque , flossing is also beneficial in the following ways : read more

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August 19, 2019 | 7:35 31    By Jeannette Abayie     Comments

Anemia in Newborns

Babies who have anemia have a red blood count that is lower than normal. Red blood cells carry oxygen throughout the whole body.

What causes anemia in newborns

There are 3 main causes of anemia in newborns. They include the following :

  • The baby doesn’t produce enough red blood cells : Most babies have some anemia in the first few months of life. This is known as physiologic anemia. This occurs because the baby is growing fast and it takes time for red blood cells production to catch up.
  • The body breaks down red blood cells quickly : This problem is common when the mother and baby’s red blood cells do not match. This is known as Rh/ABO incompatibility. These babies usually have jaundice which causes the skin to become yellow. In a few babies, anemia can also be caused by  infections or genetic disorders.
  • The baby loss too much blood : Blood loss in the Neonatal Intensive Care Unit NICU usually occurs because frequent blood tests need to be done. These tests are needed  to help the medical team manage your baby’s condition. The blood that is taken is not  replaced immediately which causes anemia.

Other causes of anemia include the following :

  • Internal bleeding
  • Transfer of blood between the baby and the mother  while the baby is still in the womb.

Symptoms of anemia in a newborn

Most babies with anemia don’t have symptoms. However if symptoms do occur, they include the following :

  • Pale skin
  • Poor feeding
  • Feeling sluggish
  • Fast heart rate  and rapid breathing when resting

What are the treatments for newborn anemia ?

Your baby’s doctor will determine the best treatment option. Many babies with anemia do not need any treatment. However very premature babies  who are sick may need a blood transfusion  to increase the number of red blood cells. read more

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August 19, 2019 | 7:35 31    By oohs N coos     Comments

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