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Infertility Risk for Men and Women

Women

General factors  that can affect  a woman’s ability  to ovulate, conceive or deliver a   child  successfully include the following :

  • Age : Women in their late 30s and older are generally less fertile than women in their early 20s
  • Endometriosis
  • Hormonal imbalance
  • Chronic diseases such as diabetes, high blood pressure, lupus or asthma
  • Being overweight to underweight
  • Environmental factors such as cigarette smoking, alcohol consumption  or exposure to workplace hazards and toxins.
  • Abnormal pap smear that have been treated with cryosurgery or cone biopsy
  • Sexually transmitted diseases
  • DES  taken by mother during pregnancy
  • Fallopian tube disease
  • Multiple miscarriages
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    January 24, 2019 | 6:32 31    By oohs N coos     Comments

    Signs of Drug Use in Adolescents

    Most adolescents that use drugs  do not become drug addicts in adulthood. However the use of drugs in adolescents  can put their mental, emotional and physical health at risk. It can put vulnerable kids at risk for ongoing drug abuse and addiction problems in future.

    drug use

    Drug abuse is when a person uses drugs for pleasure or to get high.  Drug addiction means that a person has become dependent on the drug and has no control over whether, how, or when to use it, or how much to use.

    Signs of drug use in children

    Your child may be using drugs if you notice a dramatic  change his  appearance , friends  or physical health. read more

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    January 24, 2019 | 6:32 31    By oohs N coos     Comments

    Braces for Children

    What is orthodontics ?

    It is the dental specialty  that focuses on the development and correction of irregularities of the teeth, bite and jaws. An orthodontist also have specialized training in facial abnormalities and disorders of the jaw. You may be referred to an orthodontics by your dentist. The American Dental Association recommends that every child receives an orthodontic evaluation by the age of 7.

    braces

    Why choose an orthodontics treatment.

    The following  may be one of the reasons why you see an orthodontics.

    • Misaligned, crooked or crowded teeth
    • Open bite
    • Extra teeth
    • An overbite
    • Missing teeth
    • Misaligned or incorrect jaw position
    • A disorder  of the jaw joint

    At what age are braces appropriate in children ?

    The ideal age for braces and orthodontic treatment in most cases is  between 10 and 14 years of age. read more

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    January 24, 2019 | 6:32 31    By oohs N coos     Comments

    How to give a baby a sponge bath

    These are tips on how to give a baby a sponge bath.

    newborn bath

  • Make sure the room is warm ( about 75° F).
  • Gather all equipments and supply in advance.
  • Add warm water to a clean sink or basin. The water should be warm to the inside of your wrist or elbow.
  • Place the baby on a bath cushion or thick towels on a surface that is waist high.
  • Remember to keep the baby covered in a towel or blanket.
  • You should NEVER take your hands off the baby, even for a moment. If you have to leave for even a second, wrap the baby in a towel and take her with you.
  • Start with your baby’s face.Use one (1)  moistened, clean cotton ball to wipe each eye, starting at the bridge of the nose then wiping out to the corner of the eye.
  • Use a soft, moist  washcloth without soap to wash the rest of your baby’s face.
  • Use a soft washcloth to clean the outside folds of the ear . Do not insert a cotton swab into your baby’s ear  canal due to the risk of damage to the ear drum.
  • Gently bathe the rest of your baby from neck down  using a small amount of soap on a washcloth.  Uncover one area of the body at one time. rinse with a small cup of water or wash cloth. You need to be sure to prevent the umbilical cord from getting wet.
  • Wash the baby’s  head last with shampoo on a wash cloth. While rinsing , you need to be careful not to let water run over the baby’s face. Hold  the baby firmly with your arm under his or her back and your wrist and support his  neck with your hand.
  • It is not necessary to scrub. However most  babies enjoy their arms and legs being massaged with gentle strokes during a bath.
  • Wrap the baby in a hooded towel.
  • Follow cord care instructions given by your baby.
  • Use a soft brush to comb the baby’s hair .
  • It is normal for your  baby to cry the first few times you bathe him. However  be sure to check whether the water is not too hot or too cold or that soap hasn’t gotten into the baby’s eye.
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    January 24, 2019 | 6:32 31    By oohs N coos     Comments

    Tips to help avoid flat head syndrome

    These tips will help prevent flat head syndrome in babies

  • Place your baby on his back
  • Put babies on their tummies for a little while when they are awake. This eases the pressure on the back of the head  and help babies build shoulder and neck strength.
  • Alternate which section you put the baby in the crib every night. Your child will then alternate  which direction he or she looks out of the crib.
  • Dress your child in clothes that allows  freedom of movement.
  •  Do not hang objects above your child’s head. Put them on the side of the crib so that he will turn his head to look at them.
  •  Alternate sides when you bottle-feed your baby.
  • Relieve  pressure on the back of your child’s head by picking him up often.
  • Minimize  the use of a car seat when not traveling in the car as well as other seats like a bouncer in which the child is placed on his back.
  • If your child develops a flat spot, contact your health care professional .
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    January 24, 2019 | 6:32 31    By oohs N coos     Comments

    Teratogens

    A teratogens  is an agent that can cause  or increase the chances of a birth defect. It is usually something in the environment that the mother has been exposed to during pregnancy . It could be a prescribed medication , a street drug , alcohol use , chemical exposure or an infection present in the mother. All of these can increase the risk of a baby being born with birth defect.

    What are the most sensitive  periods of teratogen in pregnancy ?

    After conception , it takes about  6 to 9 days for the  egg  to implant in the uterus. After implantation, a common blood supply exist between the mother and the embryo. Something in the mother’s blood can cross over to the developing fetus. For example, for teratogen to interfere with the closure of the neural tube, the exposure should occur between 3.5 to 4.5 weeks of pregnancy. There are some organ systems that are sensitive to teratogens throughout pregnancy  such as the central nervous system. This includes the brain and spinal cord. Alcohol is one teratogen which affects the central nervous system. Use of alcohol anytime during pregnancy has the potential to  cause birth defects  and health problems in a baby because the central nervous system is sensitive to teratogen throughout all the nine months of pregnancy. That is why it is important to avoid alcohol consumption completely during pregnancy . read more

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    January 24, 2019 | 6:32 31    By oohs N coos     Comments

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