Infertility Risk for Men and Women


General factors  that can affect  a woman’s ability  to ovulate, conceive or deliver a   child  successfully include the following :

  • Age : Women in their late 30s and older are generally less fertile than women in their early 20s
  • Endometriosis
  • Hormonal imbalance
  • Chronic diseases such as diabetes, high blood pressure, lupus or asthma
  • Being overweight to underweight
  • Environmental factors such as cigarette smoking, alcohol consumption  or exposure to workplace hazards and toxins.
  • Abnormal pap smear that have been treated with cryosurgery or cone biopsy
  • Sexually transmitted diseases
  • DES  taken by mother during pregnancy
  • Fallopian tube disease
  • Multiple miscarriages
  • read more

    Can long-term use of the pill affect fertility ?

    No , there is no evidence that long term use of the pill can interfere with fertility . Some women experience a disruption in their menstrual cycle  for several months when they get off the pill. The condition is known as post pill amenorrhea. However there is usually a problem unrelated to the pill such as significant  underweight or being severely stressed.

    the pill

    As a matter of fact  using the pill can protect you from diseases such as ovarian  and uterine cancers that can lead to infertility. Research has also proved that long  term use can lead to improvement in symptoms of  endometriosis which is a condition that can lead to abnormal menstrual bleeding and  infertility. It has also been shown that using the pill reduces the incidence of ectopic pregnancy where an egg is fertilized outside the uterus typically in one of the fallopian tubes. read more

    What are the common fertility tests ?

    Common fertility tests

    The usual recommendations in infertility is that if you are younger than 35 years, you have to try for at least a year before you get professional help. However if you are 35 years  or older , you have to get professional help after 6 months of trying.

    fertility tests

    Once your decide to get professional help, you have to be ready for a whole lot of tests and questions about your sexual life. If your doctor cannot trace your fertility issues to any problem with your general health, then  he will perform a more specific evaluation. These may include the following : read more

    Im trying to get pregnant : Should i cut back on my work hours ?

    Work and fertility

    It depends  on how stressful your work is and your financial situation. If you’re stressed out at work, it could negatively affect your attempt to get pregnant.  The effect  of stress of the reproductive system is not fully understood. However it is believed that stress levels confuse the brain hormone center. As a result, the brain may not send out reproductive hormones that a are important for the release of an egg. This can result in the delay of ovulation.

    trying to get pregnant

    Fertility treatments can also be tiring and demanding. Most of the tests will be done during work hours and can cause problems at work. read more

    Signs that indicate you are fertile now

    Are you trying to get pregnant ?  These signs indicate that you are fertile now.

    fertile now

    Heightened sense of smell : A woman’s sense of smell becomes more  sensitive in the latter half of a normal menstrual cycle as she  approaches  ovulation.  Women in the fertile phase are more attracted to the male pheromone androstenone hormone.

    Increased sex drive : Right around the time you ovulate, your lips may become fuller due to increased estrogen.  Your pupils also become dilated and skin feels softer. read more

    How to get your body ready for pregnancy

    Find out how to get your body ready for pregnancy

    Take folic acid daily :You should start taking 400 micrograms of folic acid every day, ideally for three months before conceiving  and continue for the first 12 weeks of pregnancy. Some women need higher daily dosage of folic acid. Ask your doctor if that applies to you. Folic acid prevents  neural birth defects  which can occur even before you know you’re pregnant.

    body ready for pregnancy

    Get a preconception checkup :  See your doctor before you start trying to get pregnant.

    • Ask about vaccines, scans and tests you need
    • Control any health conditions you may have
    • Ask your doctor about  what medications you can or cant take during pregnancy

    See your dentist : It is important to make sure your teeth and gum are healthy before you get pregnant and after your baby is born. Pregnancy increases your risk for gum disease and gum disease increases your risk for premature labor. You need to brush and floss daily. read more

    Why women are freezing their eggs ?

    Is freezing of eggs an option for you ?

    Most women are freezing their eggs. It’s not that they don’t want children but they just don’t want them right now. Most women are career focused and waiting longer to get married and have children.

    freezing of eggs

    Increased maternal age increases the risk of fertility problems. As women age, their eggs become less viable and the challenges of conceiving increases. If you are not ready to be a mother but don’t want to lose the fertility window, then freezing of eggs may be an option for you. read more

    Can yeast infection affect fertility ?

    Yeast infection and fertility

    Yeast infection wont directly affect your chances of conceiving. However the itchiness and irritation from the infection is what will probably make you less interested in sexual intercourse.

    yeast infection

    Yeast infection is caused by a common fungus  called Candida. The acid balance of the vagina prevents this fungus  from multiplying. However change in acidity of the vagina can result in multiplication of the fungus. The acidity can change due to the following

    • illness
    • menstruation
    • pregnancy
    • birth control pills
    • some antibiotics

    Moist tight clothing such as wet swimming suit can also provide a conducive environment for the fungus  to breed. read more

    Risks of In Vitro Fertilization IVF

    In Vitro Fertilization is an assisted reproductive technology (ART) commonly referred to as IVF. It is the process of fertilization by extracting eggs , retrieving a sperm sample  and then  manually combining the egg and sperm in a laboratory dish. The embryo is then transferred to the uterus.


    Risks associated with IVF

    Like most medical procedures, there are potential risks involved. Some of the more severe especially associated with Ovarian hyper-stimulation syndrome (OHSS) include the following

    • nausea and vomiting
    • shortness of breath
    • decreased urination
    • severe stomach pains and bloating
    • faintness
    • about 10 pounds weight gain within the next  3 to 5 days

    Other risks associated with the procedure include : read more

    Infertility risk factors for men and women

    If you’re younger than 35 and have been trying to get pregnant for less than a year (or less than six months if you’re 35 or older), then most likely you have no reason to be concerned yet  as long as your menstrual cycle is regular. However if you’re younger than 35 and have had frequent unprotected sex for more than a year (or at least six months if you’re over 35) without conceiving, then you have to be concerned. Your doctor can diagnose fertility problems so make an appointment to see your doctor. read more