Keeping Children Safe While They Exercise in Warm Weather

Its important for children to get some exercise to stay healthy.  You should not discourage them  from getting outside  and have fun when the sun is out. However you have to look out for signs of overheating especially on hot days.

child drinking water

Tips on how to keep children safe  while exercising in warm weather

  • The intensity of  activities that last 15 or more minutes should be reduced  whenever high heat and humidity reaches high levels.
  • Children should stay well hydrated before outdoor activities. During activities less than an hour, water alone is fine. Kids should always have water or sports drink available  and take a break to drink every 20 minutes while active in the heat.
  • At the beginning of strenuous exercise program or  after traveling to a warmer climate, the intensity and duration of outdoor activities should start low and then gradually increase over 7 to 14 days to acclimate to the heat, particularly if it is very humid.
  • Wear light colored and light weight clothing  and limit it to one layer of absorbent material to speed the evaporation of sweat. Sweat saturated shirt should be replaced by dry clothing.
  •  Practices and games played in the heat  should be shortened.  There should be more water/hydration breaks . Children  should promptly move to cooler  environments  if they feel lightheaded, dizzy  or nauseated.
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    Fun Rainy Day Activities for Kids

    Do not  let a rainy day ruin your child’s day. There are cheap and fun activities that you can do on a rainy days. These include the following :

    cild in the rain

  • Visit the library
  • Tidy out the playroom
  • Make music using kitchen utensils such as pots, wooden spoons, spatula and tins.
  • Play board games
  • Set up a home cinema and watch some fun family movies together.
  • Play cards
  • Bake
  • Make special cards or write letters.
  • Coloring
  • Have a Read-a-thon. Set a  challenge to see how many books/chapters can be read during the day.
  • Have a tea party or indoor picnic
  • Go through photo albums
  • Play dress up
  • Do some craft  work
  • Have an indoor treasure hunt
  • Build a fort with blankets and pillows
  • Have kids put on a play or show and don’t forget to record it.
  • Go camping in the great indoors
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    How long should my baby wear infant hat ?

    Should baby’s wear infant hat ?

    When babies are delivered , they come out of a warm, moist environment  ( the womb) into a chilly one. This is the reason why their heads are immediately covered with infant hat. However after the newborn leaves the hospital, they don’t need to wear the hat all the time unless its fall or winter or your house is very cold.

    newborn

    Healthy full term babies do not need to wear a hat once they get home. However if you feel you want to keep your baby in a hat, you can do so as long as they are comfortable. If your baby starts fussy and looks flushed or overheated while wearing the hat, take the hat of. read more

    Toy Safety Guide for Little Kids

    In order to make playtime as safe as possible , it is important to think about your child when selecting toys.

    child with toys

    Toy Safety Tips

  • Consider your child’s age when buying a toy or game. You should read the instructions and label to make sure it is right for your child.
  • You should check the toy to make sure there are no small parts or choking hazards.
  • You should also keep an eye on small piece games that pose as choking hazards for young children. Games that are great for older kids may pose a potential danger to younger kids.
  • Store toys in a container or toy storage for later use after play.
  • Dont pick heavy toys that can harm a child if it fell on her.
  • Skip  balloons even though they may be fun to bounce around Uninflated balloons (or pieces of burst balloons) can form a tight seal in a child’s airway and make it impossible to breathe when ingested.
  • Don’t pick out toys with strings or cords longer than 12 inches. A  long cord can  easily wrap around a young child’s neck, causing strangulation.
  • Avoid toys with small magnets.  When these small powerful magnets  fall out of the toys, they can be swallowed by the child.
  • Watch out for toxic toys. It is important to make sure that toys are not made with chemicals such as Cadmium, lead, mercury, and arsenic that can harm your child.
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    Staying Safe This 4th of July

    Most children and teens are injured each year  while using consumer fireworks. It is therefore recommended by the American Academy of Pediatrics that families do not buy  fireworks for their own or children’s use.

    Few people understand the dangers of fireworks. Fireworks can result in burns, blindness , fires or even death. Fireworks such as such as sparklers are often thought to be safe . However they can reach temperatures above 1000°Fahrenheit and  burn users and bystanders.

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    Water Safety : How to Identify High Risk Situations

    It only takes  an inch of water for a kid to drown. It is therefore important to know where your kids are all the time.  According to the National SAFE KIDS Campaign,  majority of children who drown in swimming pools were last seen in the home, were missing from sight for less than five minutes, and were in the care of one or both parents at the time of the drowning.

    pool

    In and around the pool

    More than half of all infant ( children under 1) drownings occur in the bathtub. Children should never be left unsupervised in the bathtub. Other water hazards in the home includes the following : read more

    Urgent Care or ER : Deciding Where to Take Your Child

    When it comes to your child’s health, it is important to know when and where to head when sickness  or injury occurs suddenly.

    sick child

    When to go to the pediatric urgent care

    You can go to the urgent care  in the following situations :

  • Ear or sinus pain
  • Mild fevers, cold or flu
  • Mildly bleeding cuts
  • Minor burns
  • Mild or moderate asthma attack
  • Minor allergic reactions and burns
  • Nausea , vomiting and diarrhea
  • Painful urination
  • Dehydration
  • Dizziness
  • Sore throat
  • Rash
  • Pink eye or other minor eye problems
  • Sprains and strains
  • Urinary tract infection
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    Symptoms of Oppositional Defiant Disorder (ODD) in Children

    Oppositional defiant disorder (ODD) is a type of behavioral disorder. It is usually  diagnosed in childhood . Children with this condition  are uncooperative, defiant  and hostile toward peers, parents, teachers and other authority figures.

    teen

    What causes ODD in children ?

    The exact cause of this condition is unknown but 2 main theories exist.

    • Developmental therapy : This theory suggests that the problems starts when child is a toddler. Children and teen with this condition may have had trouble learning to become independent from a parent or other main person to whom they were emotionally attached. Their behavior may be normal developmental issues that are lasting beyond the toddler years.
    • Learning theory. This theory suggests that the negative symptoms of ODD are learned attitudes. That is they mirror the effects of negative reinforcement methods used by parents and others in power.The use of negative reinforcement increases the child’s ODD behaviors. This is  because these behaviors allow the child to get what he or she wants such as  attention and reaction from parents or others.

    Which children are at risk ?

    ODD is common in boys than girls. Children with the following mental disorder are more at risk and this includes :

    • Mood or anxiety disorder
    • Conduct disorder
    • Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD)

    What are the symptoms of ODD in a child

    Symptoms of ODD may also show up in children who do not have the conditions. This is especially true for children around the ages  of 2 or 3 or during their teen ages. Children usually disobey, or argue with parents and defy authority escpecilaly when they are upset, hungry or tired. However in children with ODD, this happens often. They may even interfere with learning and school adjustment  and in some cases disrupt the child’s relationship with others. read more

    Choosing a sippy cup

    Sippy cups are also know as transition cups. It is recommended by the American Academy of pediatrics that you switch your child over to a cup between one and two years of age. You can just transition to a regular cup but it will mean more accidents . However a sippy cup comes with a lid to minimize accidents. Most of the cups are usually made to withstand being tossed from the high chair, stroller or being turned upside down. They are also convenient to take anywhere because of the lid. You child can start using a sippy cup wen she can sit up and eat solids which is as early as 6 months.When you start using a sippy cup, use it for all liquids, including milk, right away, and then switch to an open cup (such as a 2-handled cup) as soon as your child can manage it, usually before age 2. read more

    Tips for Dressing Your Newborn

    How to dress your newborn

    newborn

    • When dressing a newborn : Support the baby on your lap, stretch the neckline of the garment and  pull it over the baby’s head. You can use your  fingers to prevent it from catching onto the baby’s face or ears. You should put your hand into the sleeve from the outside, grasp your baby’s hand, and pull it through. Don’t try to push the baby’s arms through the sleeve.
    • When undressing a baby : Take off the sleeve one at a time while you support the baby’s back and head. Stretch the neckline and lift it free of your baby’s chin and face and gently slip it off.

    Clothing tips

    In the weather is cold  ( that is when the temperature is  under 75 degrees Fahrenheit [23.88 degrees Celsius]): Your baby will need several layers of dresses to keep warm. It is essential to dress your baby in underarms and diapers, covered by a pajamas or dress gown. You should wrap the baby in a receiving blanket. If you need an extra layer, a sleep sack or wearable blanket sleeper is a safe alternative .

    If the weather is hot : (that is when the temperature is  over 75 degrees Fahrenheit [23.88 degrees Celsius]) : You can reduce your baby’s clothing to a single layer. A good thumb of rule is to dress the baby in one more layer of clothing that you are wearing to be comfortable in the same environment. read more