Signs of Low Self-Esteem In Children

Low self-esteem in children

It is sometimes easy to tell if  a child feels good about herself  or not. The  idea of feeling good about yourself is known as self-esteem.  Children  who have self-esteem tend to :

  • Feel loved and valued
  • Feel proud of a job well done
  • Feel confident that they can do what is expected
  • Think good things about themselves
  • Feel prepared for everyday challenges
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    Bottle Mouth Syndrome

    Bottle mouth syndrome  is a special form of tooth decay in very young children.  It  is caused by prolonged exposure to milk and sugary liquids. Your child is at risk of this condition is she takes a bottle of milk or juice to bed at naptime and bedtime.  She is also at risk if she carries milk or  sugary liquids around during the day. It is commonly seen in the upper front teeth. Children with this condition need oral surgery with general anesthesia.

    bottle mouth syndrome

    What are the symptoms of bottle mouth syndrome ?

    Children with this condition  have the following : read more

    Protecting Children from Extreme Heat

    It is important to protect your child from extreme heat. Extreme heat can cause children to become sick in several ways . Watch out for signs of extreme heat  exposure and call your doctor immediately.

    extreme heat

    How to protect your child from extreme heat

    Find an air conditioned space : If you don’t have air condition at your home , find a nearby building that does.

    Stay Hydrated : Make water readily  available and encourage your child to drink water regularly. On hot days, infants on breastmilk should be given an extra bottle of breastmilk but they should not be given water especially in the first 6 months of life.  Infants on formula should be given an additional bottle of formula. read more

    Does my child need to drink water ?

    It is a good idea to offer your child something to drink especially during the warm weather. This is because their young bodies become dehydrated easily.  It is common for children not to realize they are thirsty when they are busy. As a result, by the time they get water, they may be already dehydrated .


    Children usually ask for water before  symptoms of dehydration set in. However lack of water can cause tiredness, headaches or dizziness. It is however unlikely that the child will become severely dehydrated unless they are vomiting or have diarrhea. read more

    Know Your Right to Special Services

    Your right to special services

    Once a child is suspected of a learning disability, you have to ask your child’s school stuff about free special education services. Some teachers and principals may not be willing  to request a consultation or referral. However if you feel your child’s needs are not being met, you have to persevere.

    special services

    Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA)

    Under this act, public schools must make special services available to individuals who need it. Its a federal statue enacted in 1975. In order for every state and school district to receive federal funding, they  must have a procedure  for identifying, assessing and planning an educational program for these youngsters, from age three to twenty-two.  The law doesnot only cover children with learning disabilities but also those with read more

    Fecal soiling

    What is fecal soiling ?

    Fecal soiling  is medically referred to as encopresis in children over the age of 4 years.  This is less common than  accidental urination but can be upsetting for both parents and children.

    fecal soiling

    However most cases of fecal soiling is not voluntary. It results  when emotional stress, resistance to toilet training or physical pain during bowel movement  causes a child to resist having a bowel movement. This resistance or stool  retention leads to constipation, which in turn leads to  involuntary leakage and soiling when the pressure is too great. The muscle involved in stool  ejection may be begin to stretch if this continues. The nerve sensation in the area may also reduce and makes it more difficult for the child to feel the need to defecate. The intestines may lose their ability to contract , making bowel movement a challenge and fecal soiling more possible. read more

    When can babies sleep with a pillow ?

    How early can my baby start using a pillow

    Pillow is not recommended for children under the age of 2 years.  New parents are usually concerned about their baby’s comfort . However leaving soft bedding material at  the infant’s sleep area is a suffocation hazard.  Newborns have very little head and neck control. They will not be able to move their heads to breathe if a pillow or soft bedding cover their noses and mouths.


    Just like crib bumpers and other unsafe items, pillows are unnecessary and dangerous.

    It is recommended by the American Academy of Pediatrics that parents use firm sleep surface and avoid pillows, blankets and crib bumpers. They  also advise that it is important for babies to sleep on their backs. read more

    When should i tell my child I’m pregnant ?

    Telling your child you’re pregnant

    It is generally recommended  you tell  children they are have a little sibling when the first trimester  is over and the pregnancy is well established. It is important to tell your child early that you are pregnancy because kids come become upset by changes they can see but cannot explain. Also telling your child early reduce her sense of displacement . This is because she has more months of your undivided attention before the baby is born.


    You should be brief and simple when explaining to your child that you are pregnant. For example you can say , ” You have a little sister. She is growing inside my tummy and will be ready to come out next summer”. Don’t overload the child with facts. Give her time to absorb the news and ask any questions she may have. You should also tell the child the sex of the new baby so that she is more prepared when the baby comes. read more

    Healthy mealtime habits for children

    Children feel better when they eat well. It is important that preschoolers and kindergarteners eat the same food as the rest of the family. Parents should offer food with nutritional value . Its the child’s job to decide when he or she is hungry and how much food to eat when offered.

    healthy mealtime

    Great tips for parents

  • Offer your child a range of healthy food :  When children eat a variety of food,  they get a balance of vitamins they need to grow. Healthy option include
      • fruits
      • vegetables
      • low fat  products such as milk , yogurt and cheese
      • lean protein  such as beans, turkey, fish, tofu, eggs and lean burger
      • dairy substitutes
      • whole grain cereal and bread
      • read more

  • Reasons why kids should wear sunglasses during winter

    Wearing sunglasses during winter

    Having your child wear sunglasses during winter is as important as having them wear them on a summer day. According to the America Academy of Pediatrics UV damage is cumulative over a lifetime. Sunglasses may help reduce UV related eye disease later in life.

    sunglasses during winter

    The effect of winter sun

    • The sun’s rays can burn the outer layer of the eyes just like it can burn the outer layer of the skin.
    • Snow reflects up to 80% of the sun’s rays. This percentage is far greater than  sand, water, cement, grass or dirt.
    • Outdoor winter activities increase risk. Being out in snow covered  hilly terrain allows reflected rays to hit the eyes from all angles.
    • Recognize the early symptoms of snow blindness. It is a form of photokeratitis, a painful eye condition, caused by UV rays reflected off ice and snow . ​It is like a sunburn to the cornea of the eye and can occur in anyone—even in the unprotected eyes of infants being carried or pushed in strollers and toddlers frolicking in the snow.

    It is important to ask your pediatric opthalmologist about the type of sunglasses to buy.  You should look out for sunglasses  that block or offer 99% and higher of UV-Aand UV-B radiation, fit snugly, cover the entire area between the eyebrows and middle of the cheeks, and wrap around toward the ears. Look for a label or sticker that says  full UVA and UVB protection. read more