Hints for feeding your baby

Helpful hints for feeding your baby

  • Breastmilk is the best source of nutrition for your baby. It is beneficial  even if you nurse for a short amount of time or part time.
  • You should wait till breastfeeding is well established which is usually about 3 to 4 weeks of age before introducing the bottle unless otherwise instructed by your doctor.
  • Woking mothers can pump  breastmilk during break time and refrigerate the milk for later use. Refrigerated milk should be used within 24 hours.  However frozen milk is good for several months.
  • If you need to formula feed, offer cow’s milk  based formula with iron .
  • Keep your baby on breast or formula until he or she is 1 year old. After this time , you may switch to whole milk. Children  under the age of 2 should not  drink skim or low-fat milk.
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    How You Can Prevent Child Abuse

    Child abuse can happen in any family and neighborhood. Studies show that child abuse crosses all boundaries of income, race, ethnic heritage and religious faith. The incidence is however higher in the following category of people.

  • Families in which parents are in their mid 20’s.
  • Families who are below the poverty level or who are financially stressed.
  • Families who are stressed out because of a job or home.
  • Families with a history of intergenerational abuse, alcohol, substance abuse , depression and spouse abuse.
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    When should a child get his or her first pair of glasses?

    Your child should get her  first pair of glasses when she needs them. This could be as young as a few months of age. Eye doctors who specialize in children’s  eye care say kids usually become near or far sighted  between ages 6 and 12. However  even infants can wear glasses when they need to see well.Experts believe that children should have a screening test before they enter school.

    eye glasses

    The American Academy of Ophthalmology (AAO) and the American Optometric Association (AOA) recommend that all infants and children  be screened for vision problems. A child who doesnot pass one of the screening tests below should see an read more

    How to promote independent play in toddlers

    All children are different and enjoy different  toys and interactions. However the following are suggestions for toys and activities for toddlers.

    play

    What toddlers like 

    • Need space in which to play and explore
    • Like sandboxes , swings and playgrounds
    • Likes to imitate others  by pretending to perform adult tasks
    • Likes to play in water

    What parents can do

  • Allow  children to help with chores
  • Read to your child
  • Limit screen time
  • Provide your child with work and house keeping toys such as a toy vacuum and pots and pans
  • Stop playing for your children.
  • Give them your undivided attention during playtime. Children want to know that they are valued. Dedicate sometime during the day and watch them play.
  • Get in tune with your child’s interest and provide them with an environment that is engaging and well-suited to their needs
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    How can you help your baby sleep ?

    Babies may not be able to establish their own sleeping  and waking up patterns. However your can help your baby recognize the signs of sleep readiness, teach her to fall asleep on her own  and provide the right environment for a comfortable and safe sleep.

    baby sleep

    What are the signs of sleep readiness

    The signs of sleep readiness include the following :

    • Rubbing eyes
    • Yawning
    • Looking away
    • Fussing

    How can you help your baby fall asleep ?

    Not all babies know how to put themselves to sleep. Most parents want to breastfeed or rock a baby when its sleep time. It is important to establish a bedtime routine. However you have to make sure the baby doesnt fall asleep while eating or in your arms.  This may become a  habit and the baby may require to feed or be in your arm before she sleeps. If the sleeping baby  briefly awakens during the sleep cycle, she may not be able to go back to sleep on her own. read more

    When Can I Give My Baby Solids ?

    Solids are usually introduced into a baby’s diet within 4 to 5 months depending on what the doctor says. If you start your baby on solid foods too early, it increases the baby’s  risk of food allergies which will prevent the baby from growing well.

    gagging

    When it is time to starts solid

    •  Give the baby one solid food at a time  for a few days  to help determine if he’s allergic to it or not.
    • Start your baby on iron fortified cereal and then slowly  fruits, vegetables and meat.
    •  Feed your baby on a small amounts of food at a time. Start with a teaspoon and the build from there.
    • Prepare mashed foods such as sweet potatoes, applesauce, carrots, bananas, and peaches. It is important to give the baby a variety  of foods so that the baby can get proper nutrition.

    What should i avoid giving my baby ? read more

    Is it okay for my toddler to start acting like a baby again ?

    It is normal for toddlers to show some regressive behaviors at this age. She may be growing too fast and feel insure. It may also be due to being overwhelmed by a developmental milestone . It can also be a reaction to the start of a stressful situation such as starting preschool, the arrival of a new sibling or tension at home

    toddler

    However this behavior may concern parents because of motor skill regression or child slipping back of physical skill.

    You have to know that a sudden decline in social skills such as child withdrawing from people may be a problem.  Another red flag you have to look out for is a child who uses baby words now even though she use to have 2 or 3 word sentences. It is normal to use baby talk time to time but not all the time. read more

    Warning signs of depression or suicide in teens

    The following may be signs of mental health  problems  such as mood disorder. It  may also be directly related to  suicidal thoughts or behavior.

    suicide

    Signs of depression or suicide

    Changes in activities  such as :

    •  A drop in grades or school performance .
    • Neglect of reponsibilities.
    • Neglect of personal appearances.

    Changes in emotions such as :

  • Appearing or taking about feeling sad, hopelessness , bored or overwhelmed.
  • Having outbursts, severe anger or irritability.
  • Appearing or talking about feeling more anxious or worried.
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    Facts About Diaper Rash

    Some facts about diaper rash

    baby's diaper

    Send a message with  your name and choice of baby wipes to our Facebook page to enter  for the box of baby wipes giveaway. Winner will be announced on Wednesday September 12th, 2018.

  • Diaper rash is the most common form of  inflamed skin experienced by most children during their diaper wearing years.
  • It is not a sign of parental neglect.
  • It is a type of contact dermatitis .
  • Diaper rash first appears as redness or chafing of the sensitive skin covered by the baby’s diaper.
  • If your baby has this rash, he/she becomes very uncomfortable when you change him.
  • When left untreated , diaper rash can become increasingly raw and cause more discomfort .
  • Diaper rash can be caused by frequent loose stool, use of antibiotics  that can lead to diarrhea and irritating diaper rash,  heat and humidity and allergic reactions to wipes and detergents.
  • Diaper rash may become secondarily infected by bacteria or yeast normally present on the skin. In this cases, topical ointments provide  a rapid and effective therapy.
  • Changing diaper frequently is the number preventative measure.
  • Some effective treatments include frequent diaper changes, application of topical barriers (for example, petroleum jelly), and rarely topical antibiotic/antifungal ointments, or low-potency hydrocortisone cream.
  • You  should also wash skin with very mild soap and air dry or lightly pat dry.
  • You should avoid High-potency steroid creams, powders, and concentrated baking-soda/boric-acid baths and neomycin containing ointments.
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    Vaginal Itching and Discharge in Children : When to Worry

    Itching , redness and swelling of the skin of the vagina  and the surrounding area (vulva)  is a common problem in girls before the age of puberty. Vaginal discharge may also be  present and  its color, smell and consistency may vary depending on the  cause of the problem.

    girl sleeping

    What are the causes of vaginal itching and discharge in children.

    Common causes of vaginal itching and discharge in children include the following :

    • Chemicals such as perfume  and dyes in detergents , fabric softener, creams, ointments and sprays may irritate the vagina or the skin around the vagina.
    • Vaginal yeast infection.
    • Vaginitis : Vaginitis is common in girls before puberty. However if the child has a sexually transmitted vaginal infection , sexual abuse must be considered and addressed.
    •  A foreign body such as toilet paper or crayon that a little girl places in her vagina. An infection with discharge may occur if the foreign body is still present in the vagina.
    • Pinworms which is a parasitic infection that mainly affects children.

    How to deal with vaginal infections in children

    Your child should do the following to prevent and treat vaginal infections.

    • Avoid colored or perfumed toilet tissue and bubble bath.
    • Use plain, unscented soap.
    • Limit bath time to 15 minutes or less. Ask your child to urinate right after bath.
    • Use only plain water. Do not add baking soda, colloidal oats, oats water or anything to bath water.
    • Do not let soap float in bathwater.  If you need to shampoo, do it at the end of the bath.

    You should also teach your child to keep the genital area clean and dry. She should do the following : read more