Symptoms of Oppositional Defiant Disorder (ODD) in Children

Oppositional defiant disorder (ODD) is a type of behavioral disorder. It is usually  diagnosed in childhood . Children with this condition  are uncooperative, defiant  and hostile toward peers, parents, teachers and other authority figures.


What causes ODD in children ?

The exact cause of this condition is unknown but 2 main theories exist.

  • Developmental therapy : This theory suggests that the problems starts when child is a toddler. Children and teen with this condition may have had trouble learning to become independent from a parent or other main person to whom they were emotionally attached. Their behavior may be normal developmental issues that are lasting beyond the toddler years.
  • Learning theory. This theory suggests that the negative symptoms of ODD are learned attitudes. That is they mirror the effects of negative reinforcement methods used by parents and others in power.The use of negative reinforcement increases the child’s ODD behaviors. This is  because these behaviors allow the child to get what he or she wants such as  attention and reaction from parents or others.

Which children are at risk ?

ODD is common in boys than girls. Children with the following mental disorder are more at risk and this includes :

  • Mood or anxiety disorder
  • Conduct disorder
  • Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD)

What are the symptoms of ODD in a child

Symptoms of ODD may also show up in children who do not have the conditions. This is especially true for children around the ages  of 2 or 3 or during their teen ages. Children usually disobey, or argue with parents and defy authority escpecilaly when they are upset, hungry or tired. However in children with ODD, this happens often. They may even interfere with learning and school adjustment  and in some cases disrupt the child’s relationship with others. read more

Choosing a sippy cup

Sippy cups are also know as transition cups. It is recommended by the American Academy of pediatrics that you switch your child over to a cup between one and two years of age. You can just transition to a regular cup but it will mean more accidents . However a sippy cup comes with a lid to minimize accidents. Most of the cups are usually made to withstand being tossed from the high chair, stroller or being turned upside down. They are also convenient to take anywhere because of the lid. You child can start using a sippy cup wen she can sit up and eat solids which is as early as 6 months.When you start using a sippy cup, use it for all liquids, including milk, right away, and then switch to an open cup (such as a 2-handled cup) as soon as your child can manage it, usually before age 2. read more

Tips for Dressing Your Newborn

How to dress your newborn


  • When dressing a newborn : Support the baby on your lap, stretch the neckline of the garment and  pull it over the baby’s head. You can use your  fingers to prevent it from catching onto the baby’s face or ears. You should put your hand into the sleeve from the outside, grasp your baby’s hand, and pull it through. Don’t try to push the baby’s arms through the sleeve.
  • When undressing a baby : Take off the sleeve one at a time while you support the baby’s back and head. Stretch the neckline and lift it free of your baby’s chin and face and gently slip it off.

Clothing tips

In the weather is cold  ( that is when the temperature is  under 75 degrees Fahrenheit [23.88 degrees Celsius]): Your baby will need several layers of dresses to keep warm. It is essential to dress your baby in underarms and diapers, covered by a pajamas or dress gown. You should wrap the baby in a receiving blanket. If you need an extra layer, a sleep sack or wearable blanket sleeper is a safe alternative .

If the weather is hot : (that is when the temperature is  over 75 degrees Fahrenheit [23.88 degrees Celsius]) : You can reduce your baby’s clothing to a single layer. A good thumb of rule is to dress the baby in one more layer of clothing that you are wearing to be comfortable in the same environment. read more

Petting Zoo Safety

Petting zoo can be a fun place to be. You and your kids can get can close up and personal with farm animals like goat, rabbit , sheep, cattle and some others.

petting zoo

However you have to be careful how personal you get with the animals. Even the healthy animals  may carry germs that can lead to infections that can be deadly for younger children and older adults.

One of the infections you can get is E.coli O157:H7. This can produce toxins that can lead to  symptoms such as

  • Watery or bloody diarrhea
  • Fever
  • Nausea  and vomiting
  • Abdominal cramps

Healthy adults can usually recover from this infection within a week. However in  young children and older adults, this can lead to Hemolytic uremic syndrome HUS  which is a life threatening form of kidney failure. read more

15 Signs Your Child Needs to See a Therapist

All kids have emotional ups and downs  but how would you know that your child needs professional help ? You have to look out for the signs of trouble . These signs include the following :


  • Persistent feeling of tiredness and hopelessness.
  • Has problems in multiple areas of life  such as relationship, academic performance , friendship and leisure activities.
  • Constant anger and tend to overact to situations.
  • Persistent worry, anxiety and fear.
  • Have significant change in sleep habit or appetite .
  • Talks explicitly about suicide .
  • Engages in negative behavior more often.
  • An inability to think, concentrate or make decisions.
  • Experiencing regular nightmares.
  • Talks about or engages in any form of self-harm.
  • Withdraws from friends , family and activities she use to enjoy.
  • Alcohol and drug use.
  • Has repetitive, self destructive behaviors such as hair pulling or skin picking.
  • Dieting obsessively or binging followed by vomiting or taking laxatives.
  • Making comments such as ” I wish i wasn’t here” or ” Nobody will care if i ran away”.
  • read more

    Playground Safety Tips

    Here are some important  safety tips to consider to make sure your kids are safe at the playground.


    Kids  should be supervised at all times.

    • Actively supervise kids on the playground.
    • Check the playground to look for any hazardous  items such as broken or rusted equipments as well as dangerous surfaces and report it to the appropriate authorities.
    • Teach the children that pushing, shoving and crowding on the playground can be dangerous.
    • Kids should dress appropriately for the playground. Remove necklaces , scarves or anything that can get caught in the equipment  and pose a strangulation hazard.

    Choose play area according to the child’s age.

    • It important that children use age appropriate playground equipment. Separate play area for children under the age of 5 should be available and maintained.
    • For infants learning to walk, the play area should have a smooth and easy surface to walk on.
    • If the baby has fairly good head control and can sit without support (usually  around 9 months) , give the baby (bucket-shaped) swings a try.

    Make sure that there is a safe surface beneath and surrounding playground equipment. read more

    When can my baby start swimming lessons ?

    You can join the parent-child swimming lessons when your baby  is 6 months old. You will be with the baby during these  swim lessons. This type of swimming is an opportunity for the child to be comfortable in water and be around other kids. This swimming is not to learn true swimming skills. The child may not be developmentally ready for swimming lessons until  around about age 3 or 4.



    The American Academy of Pediatrics says swimming in children younger than 4 can be enjoyable but it is important that parents do not become over confident in the child. Parents need to be close enough whenever infants and toddlers are in water. read more

    Personal Hygiene strategies for kids

    Personal hygiene in kids

    When your child catches an infection, it is important to take extra steps to lower the risk of spreading the infection. Here are some steps to take when  trying to reduce the spread of germs.

    personal hygiene

  • Encourage your chid to sneeze into a tissue and if a tissue isn’t available , let the child sneeze into his  sleeve.
  • You have to discourage your child from covering his  mouth with his  hands when sneezing or coughing. This is because he  will leave the germs on the hands  and  that can be spread by touching other people or objects. Germs are usually spread by hands and not through the air.
  • Throw tissues away immediately after use. You can put  them in a nearby waste basket or  waste  container.
  • Once the child is old enough,  teach him  how to blow his  nose using a tissue.
  • Do not allow children to share pacifiers, drinking cups , eating utensils , towels or toothbrushes.
  • read more

    Dos and Don’ts Of Communicating With Your Child

    Here are some points to keep in  mind as you communicate with your child.


  • Listen carefully
  • Make and keep eye contact
  • Show respect for her ideas and feelings. You should stay away from sarcasm, hurtful teasing, blaming, belittling, and fault-finding.
  • You should try and use  “I” messages and avoid “you” messages and put-downs.
  • Look for the underlying message in what your child is saying. You should check  out the child’s emotional tone.
  • Be honest
  • Be sensitive about where you talk to your child and what time you talk to her. Choose a quiet, private area to talk to the child.
  • Reward or praise your child time to time when she shows good listening. She  may be motivated to listen more carefully  and follow through when she realizes her efforts are being noticed.
  • read more

    Choosing a potty with your child

    Choosing a potty

    Once your child shows signs that he’s ready for potty training,  its now time to get a potty for your home.  It is important to take your child with you when going to purchase the potty. You should explain to him what it is used for and let him help decide which one you should purchase.


    Once you get the potty, let your child decide where he wants it situated and surround it with his favorite toys and stuffed animals. You should let your child take pride in ownership. It helps facilitate the child’s interest in the potty use. read more