Is it okay for my toddler to start acting like a baby again ?

It is normal for toddlers to show some regressive behaviors at this age. She may be growing too fast and feel insure. It may also be due to being overwhelmed by a developmental milestone . It can also be a reaction to the start of a stressful situation such as starting preschool, the arrival of a new sibling or tension at home

toddler

However this behavior may concern parents because of motor skill regression or child slipping back of physical skill.

You have to know that a sudden decline in social skills such as child withdrawing from people may be a problem.  Another red flag you have to look out for is a child who uses baby words now even though she use to have 2 or 3 word sentences. It is normal to use baby talk time to time but not all the time. read more

Warning signs of depression or suicide in teens

The following may be signs of mental health  problems  such as mood disorder. It  may also be directly related to  suicidal thoughts or behavior.

suicide

Signs of depression or suicide

Changes in activities  such as :

  •  A drop in grades or school performance .
  • Neglect of reponsibilities.
  • Neglect of personal appearances.

Changes in emotions such as :

  • Appearing or taking about feeling sad, hopelessness , bored or overwhelmed.
  • Having outbursts, severe anger or irritability.
  • Appearing or talking about feeling more anxious or worried.
  • read more

    Facts About Diaper Rash

    Some facts about diaper rash

    baby's diaper

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  • Diaper rash is the most common form of  inflamed skin experienced by most children during their diaper wearing years.
  • It is not a sign of parental neglect.
  • It is a type of contact dermatitis .
  • Diaper rash first appears as redness or chafing of the sensitive skin covered by the baby’s diaper.
  • If your baby has this rash, he/she becomes very uncomfortable when you change him.
  • When left untreated , diaper rash can become increasingly raw and cause more discomfort .
  • Diaper rash can be caused by frequent loose stool, use of antibiotics  that can lead to diarrhea and irritating diaper rash,  heat and humidity and allergic reactions to wipes and detergents.
  • Diaper rash may become secondarily infected by bacteria or yeast normally present on the skin. In this cases, topical ointments provide  a rapid and effective therapy.
  • Changing diaper frequently is the number preventative measure.
  • Some effective treatments include frequent diaper changes, application of topical barriers (for example, petroleum jelly), and rarely topical antibiotic/antifungal ointments, or low-potency hydrocortisone cream.
  • You  should also wash skin with very mild soap and air dry or lightly pat dry.
  • You should avoid High-potency steroid creams, powders, and concentrated baking-soda/boric-acid baths and neomycin containing ointments.
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    Vaginal Itching and Discharge in Children : When to Worry

    Itching , redness and swelling of the skin of the vagina  and the surrounding area (vulva)  is a common problem in girls before the age of puberty. Vaginal discharge may also be  present and  its color, smell and consistency may vary depending on the  cause of the problem.

    girl sleeping

    What are the causes of vaginal itching and discharge in children.

    Common causes of vaginal itching and discharge in children include the following :

    • Chemicals such as perfume  and dyes in detergents , fabric softener, creams, ointments and sprays may irritate the vagina or the skin around the vagina.
    • Vaginal yeast infection.
    • Vaginitis : Vaginitis is common in girls before puberty. However if the child has a sexually transmitted vaginal infection , sexual abuse must be considered and addressed.
    •  A foreign body such as toilet paper or crayon that a little girl places in her vagina. An infection with discharge may occur if the foreign body is still present in the vagina.
    • Pinworms which is a parasitic infection that mainly affects children.

    How to deal with vaginal infections in children

    Your child should do the following to prevent and treat vaginal infections.

    • Avoid colored or perfumed toilet tissue and bubble bath.
    • Use plain, unscented soap.
    • Limit bath time to 15 minutes or less. Ask your child to urinate right after bath.
    • Use only plain water. Do not add baking soda, colloidal oats, oats water or anything to bath water.
    • Do not let soap float in bathwater.  If you need to shampoo, do it at the end of the bath.

    You should also teach your child to keep the genital area clean and dry. She should do the following : read more

    School Refusal

    School refusal is a disorder  of a child who refuses to go to school on a regular basis or have a problem staying in school. School phobia can be seen in different situations including the following :
    toddler girl

    • Young children going to school for the first  time : This is a normal type of school refusal and usually goes away within a few days of the child attending school. It results from a  child’s normal separation anxiety  or uneasiness about leaving a parent figure
    • Fear : Older children have school phobia based on a real fear of something that happened to them at school such as bullying or a teacher being mean. In this situation , it is important to talk to the child about the cause of fear.
    • Distress : This occurs when children love school but are too distress about leaving their parents and going to school.

    What are the signs of school refusal ?

    While every child is different , children with this disorder may exhibit the following characteristics.

    • The child may complain of other symptoms  such as stomachache or headache . The symptoms gets better after the child is allowed to stay home.
    • The child may tell you that he is anxious or afraid of a certain situation  thats happens in school.
    • The child may not want to leave the parents because of the changes in the  child’s life such as
      • Just moved
      • New school
      • New brother or sister
      • Sick brother, sister or parent
      • Divorce
      • Death in a family

      How to manage school refusal read more

    Back-to-School Vaccines

    The use of vaccine has led to  great improvement in  the health of children  over a long period of time. Many infectious diseases such as chicken pox that use to be common years back no longer affect many  children.

    vaccine

    Back to school is a great way to protect your child from infectious diseases . All schools  in the Unites States require some immunization to start school. The kindergarten visit  is the time that parents go in to make sure that their children have all the needed immunization. The visit usually takes place around 4 to 5 years old and the kids  can get caught up and ready for school. read more

    Treating Poison Ivy Rash

    Poison ivy, poison oak and poison sumac  commonly cause skin rashes in children during the spring , summer and fall seasons. An allergic reaction to the oils in the plant causes  the rash. The rash occurs for several hours to  3 days  after contact with the plant. It then begins to form blisters accompanied by the rash.

    child crying

    The belief is that the fluid from the rash causes it to spread. However the spreading occurs   when small amounts of the oil remain under the child’s fingernails, on her clothing  or  a pet’s hair that then comes in contact with other parts of the body. The rash will not spread to another person unless the  oil that remains also come into contact with that person’s skin. read more

    FAQs About All Preteen Vaccines

    Do adolescent vaccines have serious side effects ?

    preteen vaccines

    • Pain : Shots may hurt but it is not as bad as getting a serious illness such as meningitis or cancer. It is important to talk to  your doctor about ways to reduce your child’s discomfort from a vaccine. Applying pressure to the area of application as well as stroking the area before the shot are various ways to reduce the pain.
    •  Fainting : Your doctor will ask that your child stays  for about 15 minutes after the shot just in case she faints. Staying seated reduces  the risk of getting hurt just in case your faint.
    • Vaccination during  doctor’s visits :  It is a good idea for your child to get any due shots when  the child visits the pediatrician’s office. This will reduce the chances of your child missing school or activities to go get a shot.
    • Safety : All the vaccines routinely recommended for preteens have been license by the Food and Drug Administration  FDA to be safe. If you have any concerns about vaccines for preteen , contact your doctor.

    Why is more than one dose of vaccine needed ?

    HPV Vaccine :  It is recommended that your child receives 2 doses of this vaccine around the ages of 11 to 12  for full protection. Both doses of HPV vaccines are needed for the body to build up enough immunity to protect against infection.

    Meningococcal vaccine : One dose of meningococcal vaccine protects the child but this may wane over time.  A booster dose is needed for the child  to stay fully protected.

    Tdap :  There have a recent outbreak of whopping cough in the United States. Research indicates that this is due to decreasing immunity. It is likely that a booster dose of the pertussis vaccine in the Tdap will be recommended in future. read more

    Keeping Children Safe While They Exercise in Warm Weather

    Its important for children to get some exercise to stay healthy.  You should not discourage them  from getting outside  and have fun when the sun is out. However you have to look out for signs of overheating especially on hot days.

    child drinking water

    Tips on how to keep children safe  while exercising in warm weather

  • The intensity of  activities that last 15 or more minutes should be reduced  whenever high heat and humidity reaches high levels.
  • Children should stay well hydrated before outdoor activities. During activities less than an hour, water alone is fine. Kids should always have water or sports drink available  and take a break to drink every 20 minutes while active in the heat.
  • At the beginning of strenuous exercise program or  after traveling to a warmer climate, the intensity and duration of outdoor activities should start low and then gradually increase over 7 to 14 days to acclimate to the heat, particularly if it is very humid.
  • Wear light colored and light weight clothing  and limit it to one layer of absorbent material to speed the evaporation of sweat. Sweat saturated shirt should be replaced by dry clothing.
  •  Practices and games played in the heat  should be shortened.  There should be more water/hydration breaks . Children  should promptly move to cooler  environments  if they feel lightheaded, dizzy  or nauseated.
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    Fun Rainy Day Activities for Kids

    Do not  let a rainy day ruin your child’s day. There are cheap and fun activities that you can do on a rainy days. These include the following :

    cild in the rain

  • Visit the library
  • Tidy out the playroom
  • Make music using kitchen utensils such as pots, wooden spoons, spatula and tins.
  • Play board games
  • Set up a home cinema and watch some fun family movies together.
  • Play cards
  • Bake
  • Make special cards or write letters.
  • Coloring
  • Have a Read-a-thon. Set a  challenge to see how many books/chapters can be read during the day.
  • Have a tea party or indoor picnic
  • Go through photo albums
  • Play dress up
  • Do some craft  work
  • Have an indoor treasure hunt
  • Build a fort with blankets and pillows
  • Have kids put on a play or show and don’t forget to record it.
  • Go camping in the great indoors
  • read more