Small for gestational age is used to refer to a baby who is smaller than the usual size for the number of weeks of pregnancy. These babies usually have the birth weights below the 10th percentile for babies of the same gestational age. They may appear physically and neurologically mature but are smaller than other babies of the same gestational age. SGA babies may be proportionately small (equally small all over) or they may be of normal length and size but have lower weight and body mass. This condition can occur in babies who are premature, full term or post term.
Fetal blood sampling is a procedure to remove a small amount of blood from the fetus during pregnancy. In the past, this procedure was used only during labor through the mother’s open cervix to test blood from the fetal scalp for oxygenation. The procedure is usually done by specialized trained perinatologist, a doctor who specializes in the care of the fetus in high risk pregnancies. It is done as part of diagnosing fetal problems at various times of pregnancy.
It can be done in the following situations :
It is important to take certain steps to reduce the risk for both you and your baby before your next pregnancy. Proper health before getting pregnant is very important. The first few weeks of a child’s development is very crucial. However most women do not know that they are pregnant until several weeks after conception. Planning ahead and taking care of yourself is the best thing you can do before you become pregnant .
One of the most important things you need to do is to go for a preconception care. During this visit , your health care provider asses your overall health and identify potential risk factors that can complicate your pregnancy. By preparing in advance , you can become your healthiest before becoming pregnant. A preconception
A pregnant woman should always check with her doctor before using prescription or over the counter medication. This includes dietary supplements and herbs. All medications affect the fetus in a different way depending the stage of development and type or dosage of medication being taken.
Women who take medication for preexisting conditions such as epilepsy and high blood pressure should always check with their doctors or midwives about these medications. It is important to find medications thats are safe for the fetus as well as effective in treating the condition.
There has been a gradual increase in cesarean births over the past 30 years. More than a quarter of pregnant women in the U.S.A are likely to deliver through cesarean.
Key Factors in Considering a Cesarean Birth
Several factors can influence the choice of a cesarean vs vaginal delivery. This include the following :
Taking prenatal vitamins into your nutritional regimen during pregnancy is the best way to support your vitamin and nutrient intake that is often lacking in the food we consume.
Prenatal vitamins help support a healthy pregnancy and helps to replenish the vitamin stores that are depleted through breastfeeding.
Prenatal vitamins are larger and more difficult to swallow. Most of the time, prenatal vitamins are known to cause stomach upset especially when there are several pills in one serving.