Benefits of prenatal vitamins

Prenatal vitamins are vitamins and minerals nutritional supplements specially formulated for pregnant women or those who are planning a pregnancy or nursing. It is recommended that women who are planing a pregnancy get pre- conception advice. It is important to know that prenatal vitamins do not replace healthy eating.

prenatal vitamins

What are the benefits of prenatal vitamins ?

  • They contain folic acid  which is essential for the development of the neural tube of babies. The neural tube is the  structure that forms the brain and spinal cord. Lack of or too little folic acid can lead to neural tube defects such as spina bifida.
  • They contain calcium which is important for physical fetal development and maintenance of the mother’s bones and muscles. It also develops the blood clotting ability of the baby. Calcium  sustains mother’s and fetus’s normal heartbeat and regulate nerves harmoniously and may even help prevent preeclampsia.
  • These vitamins have iron  which supports the oxygen and nutrient transport mechanism in the baby. Iron is necessary to build up the  maternal blood cells to support fetal cell development . It also improves and maintains a healthy immune system.
  • DHA (Docosahexaenoic acid) is very essential in prenatal vitamins. It is essential for both pregnant and nursing moms.DHA works for the enhancement of a child’s vision, brain, and nerves via breast milk after initially developing them in the womb. In pregnant women , DHA supports the development of the central nervous system of the baby. It also supports the development and  enhances a child’s eye sight.
  • Vitamins and minerals : Prenatal vitamins includes various vitamins and mineral that are important for healthy pregnancy.
    • Vitamin B6 gives relief to morning sickness during pregnancy
    • Vitamin C heals wounds, repair brittle bone and rebuild tissues
    • Vitamin D helps build baby’s bones and teeth. It is also important in  maintaining levels of calcium and phosphorus.
    • Zinc helps boosts cell growth and improves the immune system.


    It is important not to take any other vitamin or mineral supplements while you’re taking a prenatal supplement unless your practitioner recommends it. Pregnant women should not take vitamin A supplements or any supplement that is rich in vitamin A such as cod liver . Too much vitamin A can be harmful to the baby . Pregnant women who are not anemic do not need iron supplement. Seek your doctor’s advice. read more

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Pemphigoid Gestationis

Pemphigoid gestationis is a pregnancy related autoimmune skin disorder. The rash usually appears  during the 2nd or 3rd trimester and disappears within a few weeks or months after pregnancy. The rash usually appears around the navel. It is known to be caused by the woman’s immune system mistakenly attacking her own skin but the reason why this happens is not well understood.

Pemphigoid Gestationis

What symptoms should i look out for ?

The rash can begin as a flat or raised red spot that usually form on the abdomen around the navel. Blisters then develop and the rash spreads. The blisters can be small or large, irregular shaped and fluid filled. It’s an extremely itchy rash. It can spread to the rest of the body including the trunk, arms, legs and palms and soles. The face and mouth are usually not affected. read more

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How is a baby gender determined ?

Your baby’s sex

The sex of a baby is determined by the two sex chromosomes inherited from the biological parents. A baby normally inherits one sex chromosome from the father and another from the mother.

baby's gender

A woman has two  X chromosomes and as a result give either of her X.  A man has one X and one Y chromosomes . He can give either an X or Y chromosome. The egg from the mother contains the X chromosome . Therefore the X or Y chromosome from the father’s sperm is what determines the gender of a baby. A baby girl results if there is XX and a baby boy will result from XY. read more

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How to stay healthy during multiple pregnancy

Carrying multiples places you  in a  special category of high  risk pregnancy . However this doesnt automatically mean that you will have problems during pregnancy . You  will  just need to be monitored closely during pregnancy.  Most multiple pregnancies go on smoothly if you take good care of yourself.

multiple pregnancy

How to take care of yourself during a twin pregnancy

  • Proper nutrition : It is important for women to start taking prenatal vitamins about 3 months before conception. It is known to reduce the risk of neural tube defects such as spina  bifida. Taking prenatal vitamins is important but should not be a substitute for  food.  Eating proper food and the right amount of calories is critical in twin pregnancies. Whereas single-born pregnancies require 300 extra calories a day, most experts agree that twin pregnancies need around 1,000 extra calories a day. It is also important to sip water throughout the day to stay well hydrated.
  • Address any symptoms and concerns : Multiples have the risk of being born early. It is therefore important to  address concerns early for the safety of the baby.  Address signs that may be an indication of preterm labor. Such symptoms include the following:

    While bleeding in the first trimester could be a sign of implantation , you should call your doctor anytime you experience bleeding during pregnancy .

    Twin pregnancies also increase your risk for preeclampsia, a condition that causes the mother’s blood pressure to be elevated  and causes protein to leak into the urine. It can also cause more swelling  than  normal during pregnancy. If you notice rapid weight gain or headaches, contact your doctor right away. read more

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Last minute activities before childbirth

This is  what you should consider before childbirth .

  • Make  a list of the people who will get the birth announcement.
  • Cook lots of food and freeze them.
  • Look for child care and housekeeping help if you can afford and interview candidates in advance.


You should do these last minute preparation before your 9th month. Your checklist should include

  • Name, address and phone number of the hospital.
  • Name, address and phone number of the doctor or nurse midwife who will deliver the baby and the person who covers the practice when your doctor is unavailable.
  • The quickest and easiest route to the hospital and birthing center.
  • The phone number of the person who will take you to the hospital   ( if they don’t live with you ).
  • A bag packed  with all the essentials you will need during labor and delivery and your stay at the hospital.
  • A car seat for the car so that you can bring the baby home safely.
  • If you have other children , arrange for care during the time you will be at the hospital.
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    How is a multiple pregnancy different from a single one ?

    Multiple pregnancy is different from single pregnancy in the following ways.

    multiples pregnancy

  • Multiple pregnancy usually last for about 37 weeks instead of 40 weeks
  • It doesnt matter how healthy you are or how perfect your babies are growing, you will be considered high risk and monitored throughout the pregnancy
  • You will go for more scans and prenatal appointments  during pregnancy to make sure that the babies are growing well
  • Morning sickness is usually terrible with multiple pregnancy .
  • You will gain more weight. You not only have extra babies to carry but also extra amniotic  fluid and extra placenta if they are identical twins.
  • Tiredness and fatigue are more common with multiple pregnancy that singleton pregnancy
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