Blisters in Children
A blister is a bump on the skin containing fluid. It is usually circular in shape . The fluid that forms underneath the skin can be clear or bloody.
What causes blisters
Blisters are caused by allergic reactions, injuries and infections which include the flowing :
- Burns / scalds
- Contact dermatitis
- Friction for example from a shoe
- Viral infections such as chicken pox and herpes zoster
- Impetigo which is a contagious infection of the skin
- Thumb sucking
- Medication reaction
The symptoms of a blister may resemble other infection or medical conditions. It is always important to contact your health care professional for diagnosis.
First aid for blisters
Blisters often heal spontaneously. Treatment will vary according to the cause. Some of the general guidelines for treatment include the following :
- Wash the area with soap and water
- A cold or ice pack may reduce the swelling
- Keep the area clean or dry . It is important not to burst or puncture the blister.
- If the blister bursts, place an adhesive bandage or dressing on the area to keep it clean .
- Observe the area for signs of infection such as increased warmth, swelling , redness, pus formation or pain. Call your child’s physician if you notice signs of infection. Antibiotics may be needed.
Blisters in children. University of Rochester Medical Center. https://www.urmc.rochester.edu/encyclopedia/content.aspx?contenttypeid=90&contentid=P01885. Accessed January 13th, 2019
Common Childhood Skin Problems Slideshow. WebMD. https://www.webmd.com/children/ss/slideshow-common-childhood-skin-problems. Accessed January 13th, 2019