PID: Pelvic Inflammatory Disease
Pelvic inflammatory disease PID is an infection of the female reproductive organ. It is the most common consequence of bacterial infections including gonorrhea and chlamydia. This condition may be difficult to diagnose. Many cases go undetected. If you are sexually active and experiencing lower abdominal pain, the doctor will probably run cultures of the cervix for Gonorrhea and chlamydia.
What causes PID ?
It is caused by vaginal intercourse with a partner infected with Chlamydia or Gonorrhea. The more sex partners an individual has , the greater her risk of PID. It is a common progression from Gonorrhea, Chlamydia and rarely bacterial vaginosis.
What are the symptoms of PID ?
This condition may be asymptomatic or symptoms may be mild even though serious damage to the internal reproductive organs may be occurring. However some women may experience symptoms such as
- lower abdominal pain
- vaginal discharge
- painful intercourse
What is the treatment for PID ?
The bacteria that causes this condition can be treated and cured with antibiotics administered by mouth or IV. However, the damaged caused by scarring from PID cannot be reversed.
Can it be prevented ?
Ways to prevent PID include :
- practice safe sex by using a condom every time you have sex, stay in a long-term monogamous relationship and ask about your sexual partner’s sexual history
- get tested for sexually transmitted infections such as Gonorrhea and Chlamydia
- talk to your doctor about barrier method of contraceptives such as condoms
- dont douche
What complications are associated with PID ?
Untreated PID can cause scar tissues and fluid to develop in the fallopian tube. It may also cause damage to reproductive organs. Complications that my arise include
Pelvic Inflammatory Disease. Mayo Foundation. http://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/pelvic-inflammatory-disease/basics/definition/con-20022341. Accessed January 29, 2016
Pelvic Inflammatory Infection. Planned Parenthood. https://www.plannedparenthood.org/learn/stds-hiv-safer-sex/pelvic-inflammatory-disease-pid. Accessed January 29, 2016